|Name:||Muhaiminul Islam Rahi, Puja Mallick, Bhuiyan A.R.M. Riyadh, Mahmudul Hasnat|
|University:||Khulna University (KUAD)|
Competition Background :
KimseYok Mu (KYM) Solidarity and Aid Association was established as a NGO on 18 January 2002.KYM has started the TEAVUN (Charity) project to support the development of Africa, where it carries out several humanitarian aid activities. Under the TEAVUN Project; it will support sustainable development in Africa with KYM Field Schools, KYM Agriculture, KYM Vocational Schools and KYM Clean Water Programs. With the KYM Field Schools program which has started in 2015 and will continue for 5 years, several schools will be constructed and released to local authorities. For this KYM has arranged a design competition for prototype field schools. The competition was open for architects and architecture students.
The proposed prototype school is conceived to grow up with the community and the children. So designer’s first concern was to keep the scheme for the school as simple as possible. Perhaps so simple that it could be built by the community people with their local construction materials and local knowhow. Except the roofing panel Industrial material was avoided intentionally. The main construction material is compressed earth brick (CEB) which is used for walls. Locally buildings are constructed of this material in a very low cost. No external material is needed, as the building is made of earth itself. No need to burn the mud as there is very low rain and the earth is very hardy.
Secondly the school should have enough scope to grow up when the student number increase. The program said to design considering 60 students. But the school is designed with a scope for vertical extension so that when student increases more classrooms can be added. A library is also proposed at the extension phase.
Thirdly the design is based on considerations of Savanna climate. Thick Compressed earth brick(CEB) walls with perforations at upper level for proper ventilation and a large overhang roof to cover total mass to protect from the sun. The posts are of Eucalyptus tree which are commonly available at those countries.